Learn more about Citicoline uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Citicoline. Citicoline is approved in Europe and japan for use in stroke, head trauma and other neurological disorders. It is presently being evaluated in. The therapeutic action of citicoline is thought to be caused by stimulation of PtdCho synthesis in the injured brain, although the experimental evidence for this is.

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User Username Password Remember me. Phosphatidylcholine is a major phospholipid in eukaryotic cell membranes. Phosphatidylcholine is synthesized in vivo by two pathways. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Close regulation of its biosynthesis, degradation, and distribution is essential to proper cell function.

Retrieved from ” https: Cholinergics Nootropics Nucleotides Quaternary ammonium compounds Choline esters. However, the findings need to be confirmed in larger studies.

How to cite item. Journal of Neuroscience Research. Int J Mol Sci. Citicoline enhances cellular communication by increasing the availability of neurotransmitters, including acetylcholinenorepinephrineand dopamine.

Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor modulators. When the availability of choline is low or the need for acetylcholine increases, phospholipids containing choline can be catabolized from neuronal membranes. Citicoline lowers increased glutamate concentrations and raises decreased ATP concentrations induced by citicoliine.

Efficacy actuon safety of oral citicoline in acute ischemic stroke: Therapeutic applications of citicoline for stroke and cognitive dysfunction in the elderly: Retinol Vitamin A B vitamins: Citicoline INNalso known as cytidine diphosphate-choline CDP-Choline or cytidine 5′-diphosphocholine is an intermediate in the generation of phosphatidylcholine from cholinea common biochemical process in cell membranes.


Citicoline has a very low toxicity profile in animals and humans. This page was last edited on 14 Septemberat Email the author Login required. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials”. Probably role of citicoline in stroke rehabilitation: Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology. Citicoljne is naturally occurring in the cells of human and animal tissue, in particular the organs.

Citicoline also increases glutamate uptake by increasing expression of EAAT2a glutamate transporterin vitro in rat astrocytes. Keywords citicoline; ischemic citucoline chronic cerebrovascular disorder; traumatic brain injury.

Citicoline (CDP-choline): mechanisms of action and effects in ischemic brain injury.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The effect of citicoline on visual function has been studied in patients with glaucoma. It was demonstrated the efficacy and mdchanism of citicoline in the treatment of chronic cerebrovascular disorders in the elderly improved memory and behavior and of traumatic brain injury decreased cerebral edema, a more rapid recovery of consciousness, memory and motor function recovery at a higher level.

It is sold in over 70 countries under a variety of brand names: Neuroprotective properties of citicoline: These phospholipids include sphingomyelin and phosphatidylcholine. About The Author A. The neuroprotective effects exhibited by citicoline actin be due to its preservation of cardiolipin and sphingomyelinpreservation of arachidonic acid content of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolaminepartial restoration of phosphatidylcholine levels, and stimulation of glutathione synthesis and glutathione reductase activity.

Despite some suggestions that citicoline may reduce the rates of death and disability following an ischemic stroke[10] [11] the largest citicoline clinical trial to date, a randomised, placebo-controlled, sequential trial in patients with moderate-to-severe acute ischaemic stroke in Europe, enrolling patients, found no benefit of administering citicoline on survival or recovery from stroke.


This leads to a reduction in infarction focus volume, mortality and actio rate of patients and, furthermore, increases the probability of complete od in 3 months after the stroke.

Minor transient adverse effects are rare and most commonly include stomach pain and diarrhea. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor modulators.

Abstract Citicoline is nootropic drug that exhibits neuroprotective and neuroreparative activity, improves brain wave activity. Oral citicoline in acute ischemic stroke: The brain preferentially uses choline to synthesize acetylcholine. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. Patients are recommended to continue taking citicoline at subsequent stages of rehabilitation for 6 months — 1 year after strokeas it makes an additional contribution to improving their cognitive functions.


Article Tools Print this article. The Complete Drug Reference [ed. Citicoline is nootropic drug that exhibits neuroprotective and neuroreparative actiob, improves brain wave activity.

London UK ; e-version. A review of published clinical trials of citicoline noted that while some studies have demonstrated positive effects of the compound on cognition, other studies have failed to confirm these results and additional clinical trials would be needed to confirm any potential benefits of citicoline.

Email this article Login required. Reviews in Neurological Diseases. Studies suggest that CDP-choline supplements increase dopamine receptor densities. This can lower levels of hydroxyl radicals produced after an ischemia and prevent cardiolipin from being catabolized by phospholipase A2.

British Journal of Pharmacology. Citicoline is available as a supplement online and in stores.