On 11 January the British Empire went to war with the independent kingdom of Zululand. The British anticipated a swift and decisive victory, placing great. British Fortifications in Zululand by Ian Knight, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. Author: Ian Knight, Illustrator: Adam Hook About this book: On 11 January the British Empire went to war with the independent kingdom of Zululand.

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These were reinforced with gabions. Check out the top books of the year on our page Best Books of Amazon Giveaway allows you to run promotional giveaways in order to create buzz, reward your audience, and attract new followers and customers. Realising this, Wood sent his mounted men to harry the Zulu right into making an unsupported attack. British Forces in Zululand Elite. As usual it consisted of an outer trench with dislodged stones and earth piled up to form the rampart.

During the siege the garri on’s losses to enemy activity were minimal, but 35 men had died of disease, and dozens more had to be carried back to the Thukela in wagons.

Anglo-Zulu War

The work was carried out in three-hour hifts known as ‘reliefs’, each relief employing upwards of infantry, who were rotated throughout the day.

The Battle of Khambula. In the centre is an improvised shelter made of ammunition boxes.

The 2nd Division crosses into Zulu land. On their arrival, Pearson’s men camped along the ridge on either ide of the mission.

The twin defeats at either end of the country within days of each other had s riously damaged the Zulu capacity to resis the Briti h invasion. As a result, a number of European buildings – abandoned by their incumbents on the eve of war – lay close to the road.


Bertram Mitford, Through the Zulu Country. The initial entry of all three columns was unopposed. This was no mean task, given the numbers of troops and wagons involved – 3, white troops, 2, auxiliaries, with carts and wagons – and the march would be characterised by confusion and delay as the laager was built each evening – and dismantled each morning.

Battle of Ulundi – Wikipedia

This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Enfilading fire from this position struck down zululanr the defenders of the laager forcing them to withdraw, and allOWing the Zulu to occupy it.

Chard – or, for that matter, the controv r yof Kingscote RN, reported that the fort had come under a heavy fire from Zulus concealed in the darkness. The life and correspondence of the Sir Bartle Frere.

The advance began as ordered, and a small garrison was left to hold the fort and protect the supplies that were constantly being carried across the river.

Among them was Captain Warren Wynne, who had begun Officers visiting British graves on the battlefield of Gingindlovu at the end of the fortificaions. The weather remained bad, and the area around both fort soon became a sea of mud, although at Rorke’s Drift B ompany were accorded the honour of sleeping under the eaves of the storehouse, protected by the tarpaulins.

The final stage of the battle of Khambula. Should they try and hold their ground, and attempt to check the Zulu incursion and protect the stockpile of supplies, or should they secure the safety of the ick by falling back on the nearest Foftifications garrison?

On the northern side – towards Zululand the fortificationx fell away for a few yards, then dropped into the river along a sheer cliff face. The remainder of the column would dig in. With the annexation of the Transvaal, Britain had zululanv to deal with Mbelini and because Frere was convinced that the bandit chief was in the pay of the Zulu king, his surrender was included in the ultimatum.


British Fieldworks of the Zulu Campaign of 1879, with Special Reference to Fort Eshowe

The sti ks were then hammered into the ground up to the height of the ramparts, to guide fortitications building the parapets. The perimeter consi ted of two concentric circles of trenches, the earth from the outer trench being piled up on the outside to provide a raised glacis.

This was obviously a serious drawback, as the ditch was the last obstacle an enemy had to surmount before attempting to scale the parapet itself. Chelmsford resigns his command. The relaxed ease of the January invasion was a thing of the past, however, and each night a determined effort was made to draw the camp into a protective laager, to ensure against surprise attack.

This scene shows the camp immediately prior to the Zulu attack. BPP L of C. One of the early British casualties was the exiled heir to the French throne, Imperial Prince Napoleon Eugenewho had volunteered to serve in the British army and was killed on 1 June while out with a reconnoitering party.

His instinct proved right, for 3, Zulus rose from the long grass at that moment and fired a fusilladebefore charging forth.