BAUMGARTEN’S AESTHETICA. MARY J. GREGOR. Although the content of Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten’s. Aesthetica1 seems to be familiar in German. The theory of aesthetics started controversies over its legitimate existence as a fully developed science. Alexander Baumgarten was the first who used the word . On the 26th of May , German philosopher Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was born in Frankfurt (Oder), Brandenburg. He famously.

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In other words, although judgments of taste are made on the basis of clear but indistinct concepts, which is to say sensory perceptions and feelings rather than clear and distinct concepts, they nevertheless. He hoped to bring our critical judging of the beautiful under rational aesthetca, and to raise the rules for such judging to the level of a lawful science. Baumgarten’s new name for the discipline did not, however, signify a complete break with earlier philosophical views, that is, with the perfectionist aesthetics of Leibniz and Wolff.

Bryce marked it as to-read Jan 18, Leibniz then says that sensory perception is clear but indistinct or confused knowledge, and illustrates his general thesis about sense perception with a remark about the perception and judgment of art: The aim of aesthetics is the perfection of sensible cognition as such, that is, beauty, while its imperfection as such, that is, ugliness, is to be avoided. This is why he engages Lessing in such detail, for example, and why some of his most important claims in aesthetics are contained in the essays on Ossian and Shakespeare.

However, although he eventually held the professorship in logic and metaphysics in Leipzig, Gottsched was also the professor of poetry, and by far the greatest part of his boundless energy was devoted to literature and philology.

Mendelssohn worked within the framework of Wolffian metaphysics and psychology, and thus he accepted the definition of sensible perception as clear but confused cognition. Here beautiful nakedness appeared with such a liveliness of expression, such truth and variety of situations, such a noble air of the body, as it would be ridiculous to aesthetixa for in any hired model of our academies.

When Mendelssohn refers to the capabilities of our soul and the skills of our body here, he is referring to them as objects for depiction or description in a work of art, thus as part of the content of works of art.

Sensible representations can be developed in either of two ways, however: What would he not do to transform his sight into touch, to make his seeing into a form of touching that feels in the dark…. Wolff’s discussion of architecture makes it clear that in order for us to perceive it as beautiful, a building must display both the formal perfection of coherence as well as the substantive perfection of being suitable, indeed comfortable for its intended use.


Art criticism in the 18th century: This means that at least in principle a purely intellectual asthetica conceptual representation is always a better source of knowledge of its object than is a sensory representation of it.

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten – Wikipedia

Hami marked it as to-read Jun 28, Critique of Pure ReasonA 1, note. Ruchi Mishra rated it it was ok Sep 25, Thus he does not consider the paradox of tragedy, formulated by Du Bos and then discussed by virtually every other eighteenth-century writer on literature, nor does he emphasize the moral benefits of uplifting literature, as so many others do.

Winckelmann took it to be a classical Greek work. Johann Joachim Winckelmann —the son of a cobbler from Prussia, studied at Halle and Jena, and became a school teacher.

In holding that the real source of our pleasure in beautiful objects is our sensation of our own representational activity Sulzer is led to identify aesthetically valuable forms of sentiment that are not caused by beauty at all. I cognize the interconnection of some things distinctly, and of others indistinctly, consequently I have the faculty for both.

Having published the textbooks for his metaphysics and ethics classes which Kant would still use decades laterBaumgarten then returned to aesthetics, and began working on a major treatise in In other projects Wikimedia Commons. At twenty-one, he became a tutor in the home of a Jewish silk manufacturer, at twenty-five his accountant, subsequently his manager, and finally a partner in the business, in which he would work full-time for the rest of his life.

Kant’s selection of the Jewish student for the defense of his inaugural dissertation in was not accepted happily by some members of the faculty, but Kant supported Herz then and always remained loyal to him, even as the student’s views diverged from his own.

Baumgarten developed aesthetics to mean the study of good and bad ” taste “, thus good and bad art, linking good taste with beauty. In the midst of this controversy he died of a stroke in January,at the age of fifty-six.

But this work says nothing about in what way the new discipline might be a general science of perception, and analyzes only the nature of poetry and our experience of it. In Herder’s haumgarten, these distinctions are artificial and the characterization of Baumgarten’s method in particular is unfair.

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Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten

Herder’s first major work in aesthetics, Fragments on Recent German Literatureappeared inwhen he was only twenty-three. InAlexaander declared that Baumgarten’s aesthetics could never contain objective rules, laws, or principles of natural or artistic beauty. This is the side on which the faculty of approval touches demand or desire. But at twenty, he left the university and went to Berlin to make a career as a writer.

It is related, at once, to the matter before it as its object of which it is a picture or copy and then to the soul or the thinking subject of which it constitutes a determination.

Influences LeibnizWolff. We will first see what is novel in Baumgarten’s theory of poetry, and then turn to his larger work to see what it suggests about the general character of the new discipline. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. In the case of the visual arts of painting and sculpture, Wolff locates their perfection in imitation or veridical representation, while other arts find their perfections in the fulfillment of intended uses. Thanks for telling us about the problem.

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Once this has been established, it necessarily follows that whatever else these arts may include must give way completely if not a,exander with beauty, and, if compatible, must at least be subordinate to it. In so doing, he gave the word a different significance, thereby inventing its modern usage. What does the up until then absence possibly it is in English now baumgqrten a translation in English of such a seminal work say about the quality I mean absence of it of art theory in the West?

In Herder’s view, visual art must aim at beauty because only in that way can it overcome the essential conflict between its own spatial, static character and the incessantly changing, transitory character of everything in nature. By their advocacy of Milton and Shakespeare, the most imaginative baumgagten of the preceding century, Bodmer and Breitinger prepared the way for subsequent artistic movements that emphasized the freedom of the imagination, even while they continued to work within the conceptual framework of Wolffian perfectionism.